What is ethics ?
word "ethics" has a Greek root that means "nature" or "custom".Let's find out in more detail what is ethics and why we need it.
concept of ethics
Ethics - philosophical doctrine, exploring morality and ethics, as well as questions of good and evil.This term also understand human behavior norms in society and a way of regulating relations.
Ethics does not give advice on every day, it forms only a direction.Ethics Problems - to teach morals to further man himself finds the right solution.
story of: ethics in philosophy
If we look at the origins of ethics, in an example of the first rules of conduct can lead to respect for the older members of the tribe.
- How to make ethics a philosophical doctrine was first introduced by the Pythagoreans.They outlined the basic principles of good, such as harmony, measure and order throughout.Accordingly, the evil was defined as a lack of harmony and symmetry.
- Aristotle marked the first time the subject of ethics.He puts a term at the forefront of practical philosophy.According to his theory, the main objective - the happiness that can be achieved only by means of self-realization.Virtues to be followed, a sense of proportion, prudence and the golden mean in everything.
- Renaissance philosophers believed that ethics - is something that is initially available in person and does not require training.Every person from birth laid virtues, and under conditions favorable for development, it can not be immoral.morality is absolutely natural, and the proof of this - the presence of conscience.
- Kant also considered the ethical principles originally laid down, but not all.According to the philosopher's opinion, it does not depend on the conditions in which a person was born and raised.Man uneducated, non-noble origin may have greater virtue and wisdom, noble and received the best education.The desire and goodwill are the main condition for the implementation of ethical standards.
At all times people tried to determine for themselves what is good and evil, and that is actually valuable - the benefit of one individual or a whole community.Ethics in the Philosophy has always had a lot of directions.In addition, ethical problems are constantly changing, and this process is still ongoing.
Among contemporary ethical concepts can be divided into two main: ethics ethics of violence and non-violence.
founders of the concept of ethics of violence were Nietzsche and Karl Marx Dühring.They believed that violence plays a big role in the history of mankind and completely justified when the change of power.According to them, everyone has the right to change the way of life of society, and human casualties are inevitable.In practice, the ethics of violence was developed in dictatorships such as Leninism, Stalinism and Hitlerism.
modern ethic of non-violence has appeared in opposition to the ethics of violence and has been widely recognized in the XX century.The basic principle of this concept is that no violence against the person is not allowed - neither moral, nor physical.
major role in the development of this concept belongs to Leo Tolstoy.According to him, using violence against each other, people become vicious.These imperfections need to eradicate in themselves, as they are devastating for the owner of them, and for others.
ML King even opened in New York, "the institution of non-violence."He, in turn, described the principles of humanity and the ways of their development.According to King, love for each other - the only chance humanity survive.
Another famous humanist of the XX century - Gandhi.He believed that the principles of non-violence is natural for strong people to educate themselves.Harmony of mind and love - the perfect foundation for the ethics of non-violence.
subject of ethics: rules of communication
What is the ethics of communication?Will we be able to communicate with each other without ethics?Of course not, because the communication should be not only effective, but also enjoyable.
During any communication should be respected the rules of politeness.You can not be rude or raise your voice.This not only will reduce the conversation to nothing but turn all communication into a senseless waste of time.
disagreement with someone you need to speak only in the correct form and without going to the individual.Arguments should be given only in fact the conversation - then cmogut the sides come to a decision.
In any situation is important golden rule of ethics: "Do unto others as you want them to do unto you."