How to determine the time of the verb ?

How to determine the time of the verb ?

verb - it's part of speech, indicating the action.Verbs change by numbers, persons and times.In addition, they have conjugations, views and inclinations.In Russian, there are three main forms of the verb of time: past, present and future.We'll talk more about how to understand the times of the verb.

Determine the type of verb

Verbs are perfect and imperfect kind.Perfect verbs indicate that the action has been done (or will do), and the result is achieved.These verbs fit the question "what to do?".In perfect verbs emit only two-time: past and future.

Imperfect verbs are in the past, present and future time.They answer the question "what to do".

Verbs

past tense main signs that the verb refers to past time are:

  • suffix -n;(Walking, flying)
  • ending -a (feminine), -o (neuter) and s (plural).In masculine verbs in the past tense is not the end.Example: play, play, play, play.

To understand that the verb is in the past tense, for him, depending on the kind and number, substitute the following questions:

  • for perfect form: "What to do?" (M p..), "I was doing? "(. f r.)," what to do "(cf. p..)," what to do "(plural..)?;
  • for the imperfect form: "I did?" (M p..), "What to do?" (W p..), "Do what?" (Cf. p..), "That do?" (Pl.h.).

Verbs date

in the present tense verb represents the action that takes place at the time of the speech.Overall defining issue of verbs:

  • in the singular - "What?";
  • plural - "What?".

As noted above, the present time can only be an imperfect form verbs.

End verb in the present time will depend on a first or second conjugation it belongs.

endings of verbs of the first conjugation

Singular: y, th (the first person);-esh (second person);-ex (third party).Example: bear, bear, bear;I read, read, read

Plural: -em, -ёm (first person);-ete, -ёte (second person);Ym, -yut (third party) Example: bear, assumes bear;Read, read, read.

second conjugation verb endings

Singular: y, th (the first person);-ish (second person);-um (third party).Example: lie, lie, lie;build, build, build.

Plural: - termination -im (first person);-ite (second person);-AT, -yat (third party).Example: lie, lie, lie;build, build, build.

verbs future tense

verbs in the future tense reflect the action that you plan to do or the action that will be done in the future.The defining issues for singular verbs:

  • perfect form: "what will I do?";
  • imperfect form: "Do what?".

Questions plural verbs:

  • perfect form: "what will I do?";
  • imperfect form: "What shall be done?".

have imperfect verbs in the future tense there is another interesting feature - they turn into complex verbs.To add an infinitive verb "to be" in a suitable form.For example, I will walk, we run, will play.

End perfective verbs of the first conjugation

Singular: y, th (the first person);-esh, -ёsh (second person);-ex, -ёt (third party).Example: I'll take, otnesёsh, will concern;I read, read, read.

Plural: -em, -ёm (first person);-ete, -ёte (second person);Ym, -yut (third party).Example: otnesёm, will concern, will carry;read, read, read.

End perfective verbs of the second conjugation

Singular: y, th (the first person);-ish (second person);-um (third party).Example: lie down to sleep, lie down;I build, build, build.

Plural: - termination -im (first person);-ite (second person);-AT, -yat (third party).Example: lie down, lie down, lie down;construct, build, build.