How to determine the case ?

How to determine the case ?

In the Russian language in all six cases:

  • nominative;
  • Genitive;
  • Dative;
  • accusative;
  • Instrumental;
  • Prepositional.

Why do you need to know how to determine the case?Definition of case helps to put down the right end of the word, therefore, to avoid grammatical errors.How to determine the case of a noun, pronoun, adjective or numeral quickly and accurately?

declensional There are special issues with them and determine the status of parts of speech to a particular case.

of case questions

nominative: who ?, what?(Fish, drum);

genitive: who ?, what?(Fish, barrels);

Dative: who ?, what?(Fish, barrel);

accusative: who ?, what?(Fish, barrel);

Instrumental: who ?, what?(Fish, drum);

Prepositional, of whom ?, what?(The fish of the barrel).

for correct mortality should remember the above questions, two for each case.But there is a little trick: instead of twelve, you can remember all six simple words that will not only determine the case, but also remember declensional questions.

Determination of mortality in different words

How to determine the case with the help of auxiliary words?

There are fish (who, what) - nominative;

No fish (one thing) - genitive;

Dame fish (who, what) - dative;

I see the fish (one that) - the accusative;

Pleased fish (who, what) - instrumental;

think about fish (of whom about what) - prepositional.

For example, consider the sentence: "Fish do not climbed into the barrel."In this sentence two nouns: fish barrel.Substitute auxiliary words: there (who, what) fish - the nominative case;I see (someone that) a barrel - the accusative case.

substituting the word right question can be determined and case pronouns.Examples: she was not given a ticket.She (who, what) - dative.All the time I think about it.About it (of whom about what) - prepositional.

If you are having trouble, you can replace the pronoun appropriate within the meaning of the noun: stop thinking about her son.About his son (whom) - prepositional.

When it is clear how to determine the case in pronouns and nouns, we can consider the numerals and adjectives.

How to determine the case of the adjective and the numeral?Adjectives and numerals have the same case as the noun to which they refer.


big fish floats.Big Fish (who, what) - nominative case.

I go to the first meeting.First meeting (one that) - the accusative case.

If a noun in a sentence is omitted, the case can be determined by substituting a suitable within the meaning of the word:

There is the most beautiful.Beautiful (girl) - who, what - the nominative case.After the tenth

all closed.Tenth (number) - one thing - the genitive.

If it is good to learn the above material, the question of how to determine the case of the numeral, adjective, pronoun, or a noun, more than you will not have.