What is a gerund ?

What is a gerund ?

gerund represent a special form of the verb.What is special about this form?What is a gerund?Gerundive depicts not just the process of making something, and additional action is paramount at the action, and answers questions such as: "What do you do?", "What's doing?".

What is the gerund: examples

To understand the gerund, you need to consider some of its symptoms.Gerund forms are divided into perfect and imperfect species and retain the shape of the verb from which they were formed.The sign of transition in the gerund is maintained.There are recurrent and sunk gerunds.Gerund can function as the circumstances in the sentence.

Scientists argue about whether the gerund independent part of speech or not, since it has the same grammatical features, as well as a verb.

gerund perfect form

To say with certainty that the participle belongs to a perfect sight, you need to ask him a question: "What do you do?"And if gerund appropriate in this case we are dealing with a gerund, which represents a complete further action.It comes


  • Prior to the main action: "In the autumn, leaving the meadow, the birds flew to the south."

    The example shows that the action that expresses gerund, is an add-on to the main and is committed to the main.

  • In the same time span as the main action: "Bogdan sat at the table reading interesting comics with pictures."There

    gerund "reading" means additional action that occurs simultaneously with the action of the verb "to sit."

  • Action expressed gerund occurs after the main action expressed by the verb: "The house collapsed roof, pushing through the ceiling in the cellar."

further action "pushing through" expresses an event that occurred after the main.

gerundive sovershonnogo type can be formed by adding the suffix -in, -vshi, -shi to the verb base.If the basis is a reflexive verb, participle is formed by the power of suffixes -vshi (smiling) -shi (smiling).

gerund imperfective

These gerunds answer the question: "What's doing?"and serve for the formation of the unfinished actions, which is the extension in relation to the primary and occurs simultaneously with him: "Running away from the dog, the cat knocked over the bucket."

gerundive imperfect species formed from the verb base with the addition of the suffix -s (s): sitting, running, playing, deliberately lying.