What are the words ?

What are the words ?

When a person is born, he does not say.The maximum that can waft from the lips of the baby - it's crying, expressing concern.However, the first sounds of words to perform the basic function - communication or communication.With screaming child expresses his displeasure, so adults know that they need help.

Words, of course, represent a more complex phenomenon than a baby crying or screaming.What are the words?Each word has a specific meaning, and sometimes more than one.For example, the word "sex".On one side of the floor - this is the part of the premises on which we walk.On the other hand, a floor - it belongs to the category of men or women.

Recently, schools devote less time Russian language and literature, and it is precisely in these lessons you can feel the meaning of the words, to love and understand the native language.Therefore, each student would be helpful to write an essay "Why the words" and to speculate, as we say today why our language is considered one of the richest in the world.

Russian lexicon (or vocabulary) is a different group of words, terms, neologisms, archaisms, historicism, staroslavyanizmy, borrowing dialect.This diversity allows us to put it more accurately, succinctly and clearly sometimes.To confirm this idea, let's talk about some groups of words.

Why obsolete words in the Russian language?Usually there are several types of obsolete words: staroslavyanizmy (tserkovnoslavyanizmy), historicism, archaisms.

staroslavyanizmy

on Russian writing greatly influenced Slavonic script that came to us from Bulgaria.If in Europe for a very long time, the service conducted in Latin, it is written holy texts, then in Russia sacred texts were written in Old Slavic language similar to Russian, but still different from it.Over time, words that people hear in church, and began to be used outside, and gradually come into our speech.Thus, the word "baby" does not seem to us a non-Russian, but it has the Slavonic roots.

Very often staroslavyanizmy have a solemn tone.What are these words?Compare degrees (starosl.) And the city (Rus.), Gates (starosl.) And gate (Rus.), Mouth (starosl) and lips (rus).Many poets used this distinctive feature.Piercing sound staroslavyanizmy in Pushkin's poem "The Prophet":

Tormented by spiritual thirst,

In the gloomy desert I dragged, -

And six-winged seraphim

At the crossroads appeared to me.

Fingers light like a dream

my Zenica he touched.

were opened prophetic apple,

As a frightened eagle.

(excerpt).

Archaisms

archaisms - these are the words that will eventually become more relevant synonyms and not used today.But do not forget about them is because they too are part of the richness of our language.For example, the sad list - history of the disease, the flu - influenza.These words can be used to style in the theater, movies, books.

Historicism Historicism - words denoting objects, concepts and phenomena, obsolete, extinct in modern reality.For example, the king - is historicism, as kings do not have today.Examples of such words could serve as Soviet reality as Nepman, Divisional Commander, educational program.What are these words?Such words are also used for styling.Forget about them as it is not necessary, so as not to lose touch with previous generations.Popular writer Boris Akunin actively uses archaisms in his works, for example, or a nun Pelagia Erast Fandorin.