What historicism ?
Throughout its development, the Russian language has undergone many changes.Along with the active vocabulary, which is used by most of the people who speak great and mighty, and there are words that are already out of active use.These include historicism.
What historicism, and why they are so named?Outdated words, names of concepts, objects, phenomena that had disappeared from active use for historical reasons, are called historicism.In the modern Russian language is impossible to find synonyms for words-historicism, because the realities that they represent, have died, they no longer exist.Historicism are used to recreate the vivid picture of the past life, for which they are characteristic.
Appeared word-historicism with the development of life, the introduction of new concepts, phenomena, objects, clothing and so on.Over time, these words disappeared from active use, because the phenomenon disappeared, their labeling.
Historicism, examples of which can be found in the study of old books and ancient treatises illustrate the epoch of their use.So, with the abolition of serfdom in the active use of the Russian language disappeared the word "land", "boon", "rents".With the October Revolution are related words such as "Bolshevik", "fist".It took her time, there are more people who are called by these words, and so they have become they historicism.The same can be said about the "educational program" the words "tax in kind", "Nepman".
These words refer to the passive vocabulary.Historicism in the literature are used to create the feeling of an era, to style, introducing the reader to the atmosphere, typical of a particular period.
Historicism combined in a variety of thematic groups of words.The most numerous among them are the following:
- name titles: lord, count, prince, nobleman;
- names of officers: the clerk, policeman, constable;
- administrative name: county, parish, okolotok;
- title vintage clothing: coat, jacket, Zupan, kokoshnik and others;
- names of monetary units: penny, hit the jackpot, mite.
Despite the fact that historicism is not included in the active vocabulary of the Russian language, they can be used even in colloquial speech to give a special color context.Therefore, cultured person should know their meaning in order to properly understand the interlocutor and feel comfortable while talking.Furthermore, historicism widely used in the literature.