An analysis of the poem "The Prophet "

What if the lesson of literature you were asked to make a "prophet" analysis of the poem, ASPushkin?This poem is considered one of the most important in the work of the Russian poet, and in this article we will try to analyze it in detail.

Semantic level

poem famous poem "The Prophet" was written by Pushkin in 1826 after many of his friends who participated in the uprising of the Decembrists were exiled into exile and executed.In the two years before that Pushkin, as an Orthodox man, was interested in reading the Qur'an in translation MIVerevkina, like many of his friends, the Decembrists.At the time of writing the poem, Pushkin was already more than a year in the St. Michael's link for freethinking, so the question of freedom and the role of the poet in society is long overdue in the soul of genius.Having caught a way a free man, the prophet, bearing the truth to ordinary people, so I decided to translate this theme in their own work.

doing analysis of the poem "The Prophet" Pushkin, must take into account the fact that it is traditionally considered one of the poet's works that reveal about the role of the poet in society.The image of the poet symbolically represented by the religious prophet, but he is filled with completely different content.So, the people, according to the poet, can not see what he sees only a poet, to hear that only a poet can hear, talk and love as it can only poet.

process of transformation of man into a prophet is accompanied by anguish, but the poet sees it as its main purpose.It is clear from the ending of the poem where the poet is "like a corpse in the wilderness" as long as it is not to the "voice of God", commanding get up and go.Thus, the theme of the prophecy is closely intertwined with the martyrdom theme in this poem.Pushkin describes the poet as a man exiled by the government, which is to defend the truth, even when all his friends destroyed when he put on his knees.

composition and artistic means

addition to meaning, which carries a poem, making "The Prophet" analysis of the poem, you must also take into account the structure of the work, and even art tools that help reveal the image of the prophet.

Compositionally poem consists of the following components:

  • first part describes the condition of the person until the moment of rebirth;
  • second part describes the meeting with the envoy of seraphim, which gives people gifts;
  • third part includes the phenomenon of the divine voice, commanding the prophet to go and "verb burn the hearts of people."

poem written iambic tetrameter with numerous pyrrhics that makes the work deliberately slow, as if transmitting torment prophet.Lines from the outset abound in metaphors and epithets ( "spiritual thirst," "heavenly angel flight", "wicked language").The main backbone of lexical archaisms and poems make tserkovnoslavyanizmy ( "eke out", "fingers", "apple", "mountain"), which helps to give a solemn rows eternity.

To provide clarity and artistry of the poem contains a number of comparisons ( "as a corpse in the desert, I was lying," "fingers of light like a dream").Also in the product, you can hear a lot of hissing and whistling "g" sounds "sh", "c", "c", "h", which helps to convey the atmosphere of the long suffering of the prophet.

Thus, Pushkin's poem "The Prophet" opens the central idea of ​​the poet's mission in society and compositional and artistic means to help brighten and deeply feel the mood of the poet.