What is ATP ?

What is ATP ?

In nature, there is a huge variety of organic and inorganic substances that play a big difference in important processes, including humans.One of these organic compounds is ATP.Let us consider what the ATP.

ATP - an abbreviation of the chemical compound, stands for "adenosine triphosphate".

ATP is a nucleotide, which included release:

  • purine base - adenine;
  • monosaccharide - ribose;
  • 3 phosphoric acid residue.

Relations between the elements is such that the various processes of their destruction is accompanied by the release of large amounts of energy, making it an important energy source ATP.Most often, this release of energy can be observed in the hydrolysis.In addition to the properties of bonds, ATP also has a high degree of renewability, which is made possible due to the synthesis of ATP.Different organisms synthesis is carried out in different ways, but still remains based phosphorylation.

As we have noted earlier, the ATP is the largest supplier of energy in the human body.And energy, in turn, need to carry out a variety of processes.Thus, the main value of ATP in biology is involved in metabolism.ATP also contributes to the process of formation of various substances in the body.In addition, ATP is responsible for the active transport of molecules and the creation of inter-membrane electrical potential.These two processes are important for muscle contraction - they describe the energy of ATP function.In addition to the energy function, ATP performs in the body even number of other important functions, such as:

  • determines the formation of nucleic acids, as starting material for their synthesis;
  • participates in the activities of enzymes, increasing or, conversely, suppressing their activity;
  • serves as the basis for the formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate, which is essential for the transmission of hormonal signals into the cell;
  • is one of neurotransmitters in the synapse for signaling.

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