Who invented the computer ?
Modern man has life and can not imagine without a computer.But somewhere in the 50s of the 20th century, people believed that the computer is only necessary to calculate the flight path to the stars.And before even a word of this "computer" did not know.Immerse yourself in the history of computers.
What year invented the computer
The word "computer" is "computer".Already long ago people needed in the invention device which would automatically process the data to calculate.It is difficult to say when and who invented the computer, since it is necessary to first define what constitutes thereby computing device and data processing.
In the first half of the 19th century, Charles Babbage, English mathematician, made an attempt to create a universal computing machine.This analytical machine was itself perform calculations without human assistance.But a mathematician unable to complete its work, to the art of that time it was too difficult.But thanks to his followers got all the basic ideas.
In 1941, German engineer Zuse Conard and in 1943 the American Howard Aiken, used the ideas of Babbage and yet built such analytical engine!
Who invented the computer in the modern sense
Charles Babbage can call those who first invented the computer, or the creator of the first prototype of the computer.Yet the first real operating a machine that solves practical problems became ENIAC.This computer is designed specifically for the needs of the army, for the account of ballistic tables aviation and artillery.
In 1946, the world learned that the United States launched the world's first ENIAC computer.Stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer).Its construction took about half a million dollars.Above it worked for about three years.The dimensions of the machine are staggering!It weighed 28 tons and consumed 140 kilowatts of power.Just imagine that the first computer was cooled aircraft engines Chrysler.
Now everything is much easier, almost every home has a computer and someone, and not alone.Some need it for work, and for others - is communication and leisure activities.