Who invented the pen?
Ballpoint pens for writing, so familiar to us from childhood, is not the first pen used by mankind.Learn the history of these supplies, see who invented the pen, when and how.
invention fountain pen
evolution of writing instruments has its roots in ancient times.Then there were the bone sticks, reeds and brush and metal pens, and finally a quill.Newest first began to use in Spain from 600 to 1800 ADAnd the first patented metal fountain pen appeared in 1803.
Who invented the pen
first real pen invented in 1844 by Lewis Edson Waterman, who was a dealer of office supplies.His pens used capillary system.
Who invented the ballpoint pen
The principle of ballpoint pens was invented in the late 19th century.The patent for it in 1888 was John Laud.1940 was a landmark for Laszlo Biro, when the pen was invented, the modern ball, which we are used to seeing from childhood.
Laszlo Biro - Hungarian journalist, which was interested in painting.This person came up with the method used in ball pen, which when moving the handle will rotate and thereby transferring the ink on the sheet.It Biro added ball mechanism to the capillary channel at the handles.It is based on the inventor of the modes of production of ball bearings for the weapons and vehicles.
The patent for a ballpoint pen was purchased by the British Parliament.Was used then such handles military of World War II.It was only in 1945 there was a ballpoint pen in the US market.
Who and when invented the gel pen
rollerball pen was invented in 1963 in the Japanese company called Ohto Co.In such a ball pen mechanism is also used, but the rod is not filled with ink and the ink water-based fluid or gel.But the use of the gel in the pen began in 1984, it came up with another Japanese company - Sakura Color Products Corp.
Gel pens require more frequent replacement of the rod, but have a number of advantages:
- require less pressure on the paper when writing,
- hand less tense,
- lines clearer,
- colors are more varied.
And despite all this, Laszlo Biro pen is still popular and widely used.