How to choose winter tires?
With the onset of winter, many car owners there is a question, ksayuschiysya how to choose winter tires?Winter road is fraught with a lot of unpleasant surprises, such as ice, snow ridges and much more.Besides already at about + 5C or less, summer tires unsafe.Therefore, in such circumstances, the exploitation summer tires simply unacceptable, it must be replaced by winter.
types of winter tire tread
All tires for tread type are divided into European and Scandinavian (North).European-type tread pattern is presented in the form of drafts, which are interconnected by an edge.Their surface is dissected by thin slits Lamela.Their length determines the area of the tire adhesion to the road surface.They are ideal for use in light snow, that is little snow in the southern regions of the country.In areas with indicators of the average winter temperature around zero winter is better to use "European" tires.
Unlike European-style Scandinavian, checkered smaller, which also have small slits.Places for installation of spikes in them accurately marked.These tires provide excellent vehicle maneuverability when driving on snow-covered and icy roads.However, at high speed stability of the vehicle is reduced because of the increased elasticity of the tread.
To answer the question about how to choose winter tires optimally, you need to read the instruction manual for the vehicle, which contains information on the recommended types and sizes of tires.Any winter tires have a directional tread pattern, as well as an arrow indicating the direction of their rotation.
winter, when the vehicle is operating on snowy and icy roads can be set narrower tires, but with higher tread, as they cope better with the road surface.But the installation of the front and rear of the car tires of different sizes axis is not allowed.
for deciding how to choose winter tires, you can consult a workshop where the experienced master probably tell the best option, taking into account the conditions of your vehicle.After all, the choice of rubber depends on operating conditions.So the use of studless winter tires for asphalt and snow-covered roads.Studded tires are optimally suitable for icy coating, wet ice or porridge.But on the asphalt spikes rattle and quickly wear out, which creates additional inconvenience for car owners.It should also be remembered that the braking distance on the asphalt studded tires over five, seven per cent compared to a studless.And on the ice braking distance on "spikes" at least twenty or thirty per cent compared with studless.
There is an option when you buy winter tires without studs, but then you can do studding.Spikes should not be on the same line - they are always evenly spaced across the surface of the tire.Keep in mind that not everyone is suitable for studding tires, so when buying such issues should be specified by the seller.
After installing studded tires, experts advise to hold a "run" of the tire.The first hundred kilometers is necessary to drive smoothly, without sudden acceleration and stops at a speed not exceeding 80 km / h.This will allow spikes to take the best place in the tire.
When buying tires, motorists are guided by such facts as: the advice of friends and acquaintances, the close proximity of automobile dealer, personal acquaintance with the sellers, the price level, etc.In addition, the beginning of the season, many automotive publications are testing snow tires.This process is to evaluate them to disperse, rolling and braking on ice and compacted snow cover loose.Based on the test results is rated winter tires.
Choosing winter tires - it is always a demanding task, because they play an important role in road safety.