What is the uterus ?
uterus - an important organ of the female reproductive system.It takes place in the uterus implantation and development of the embryo itself.Uterus situated between the rectum and the bladder, in the pelvic cavity.It is interesting that not even all women know that the uterus is and what illnesses may face girl.Let's talk about the most common ones.But first let's deal with this notion, as the tone of the uterus.
What is the tone of the uterus
Tonus uterus - is the level of intensity of the uterine wall.The tone of the uterus plays a very important role in childbirth and during pregnancy.It is worth noting that immediately during gestation excessive uterine wall activity is undesirable, because it may adversely affect the unborn child.Sometimes the increased uterine tone may even terminate the pregnancy.Needless to raise the tone of the uterus:
- Elevated levels of male hormones;
- Infectious-inflammatory diseases of female genital mutilation;
- Neoplastic Diseases;
- Improper abortion;
- experiences and stress;
- congenital uterine anomaly, etc.
To avoid excessive uterine tone, do not let the stress in your life, good enough sleep, eat a balanced, regularly visit a gynecologist.
What is uterine fibroids
Uterine myoma - a benign tumor that develops from the muscle layer of the uterus itself.It is worth noting that this is the most common benign tumors in the genital organs, which appears in women between thirty and fifty-five years.By itself, hysteromyoma - a bundle of muscles and connective tissue.Disease, affecting the uterus leads to its increase or has the form assembly which emerges from the wall of the uterus.
in the development of this unpleasant disease plays an important role of ovarian function.Very often, due to its violation occurs uterine fibroids.In addition, the experts noted a genetic predisposition that can affect the appearance of this pathology.
Generally, uterine fibroids treated with conservative methods of treatment (non-surgical), with the help of hormones.
What is cervical erosion
Cervical erosion - one of the most common diseases in women.By itself, the erosion - a defect of cervical mucosa.Erosion may be caused by a violation of hormonal and mechanical damage (such as frequent and rough sex).In addition, the erosion may be caused by various kinds of infectious diseases.At its core, the erosion - a bright red spot on the background of pale pink color.
treatment of cervical erosion should be mandatory.Only experts can help the patient.Treatment is carried out comprehensively, taking into account all the nuances and the causes of the disease.
What is uterine dysplasia
Unknowingly dysplasia is often confused with cervical erosion.Dysplasia - a negative change in the work and structure of the cells of the cervix.Such changes may lead to mucosal cancer.That is why the uterus dysplasia is often referred to as a precancerous condition.However, it should be noted that this is not said in the sense that it is about to begin, and cancer, and that if the disease is left untreated for several years, then it is likely to develop the cancer.Generally, dysplasia is relatively rare, approximately several thousand women.The main cause of this disease - infection of human papilloma virus.
uterine dysplasia is successfully treated today.The treatment itself is dependent on the degree of the disease, age of the woman and her general condition of health.
What are polyps in the uterus
polyps in the uterus like hanging some education and are a form of growths of the mucous membrane of the uterus.The main reason for the appearance of these polyps is considered a violation of hormonal background.In addition, the occurrence of polyps can be attributed to various diseases: diabetes, obesity, hypertension.Polyps may also occur due to abortion or the use of spirals.
polyps are removed by surgery.During pregnancy, however, it is contraindicated.But after it necessarily polyps should be removed.Diagnosis and treatment of uterine polyps is engaged gynecologist.
uterus Adenomyosis.What it is?
Adenomyosis of the uterus, unfortunately, has not yet been fully studied.Until now, experts do not really understand the causes of, as well as the mechanism of occurrence of the disease.The essence of the disease is that the endometrium tissue somehow find themselves in the muscle layer of the uterus.Thereafter, they expand and cause malfunction of the whole organism.Violated proper production of hormones, there is a drop in immunity women may swelling, and an increase in the size of the affected area.
During treatment of uterine adenomyosis is usually used hormone therapy or surgical method.Competent doctors try to use the latter method only as a last resort, because then surgery may trigger the appearance of the disease in other organs.