What are the ovaries ?

What are the ovaries ?

The ovaries are one of the most important reproductive organs of the female body.Their main function is the formation of female gametes - eggs, taking part in the process of fertilization.Furthermore, the ovaries produce a number of hormones necessary for the occurrence of important biochemical processes.

Why ovaries

formation of ovaries is completed by 15 - 18 years of age.At the same time there is the establishment of the menstrual cycle, which take responsibility for the two main hormones.One, follicle stimulating hormone, is responsible for the proper development and formation of the egg follicles in the ovaries.Often the question arises: what is the follicles in the ovaries, and they look like?The follicle is a small bubble inside which is the egg.It stimulates the release of an egg into the peritoneal cavity at the time when it is ready for fertilization.This process is called ovulation.

When it became clear what the ovaries, consider the main diseases that can threaten the body.

Today, unfortunately, ovarian disease is a very common disease.The first (but not always the only right) sign of ovarian disease is the disruption of the menstrual cycle, which may be expressed in the form of a complete absence of menstruation (amenorrhea), or reduce, on the contrary, increase the amount of secretions, as well as movement of menstrual periods.

What is ovarian cyst ovarian cyst

- one of the most common diseases.It may occur at any age.Cysts can be single or multiple, range from 1.5 to 7 cm or more in diameter.Single cysts, usually formed as a result of the follicle after oocyte maturation in it, for some reason does not tear and remains intact.Thus there is a stretching of its walls, and the liquid accumulates in the lumen.Multiple cysts formed as a result of inflammation in the ovaries.

Typically, small cysts do not give any subjective symptoms.Only when large amounts or occurrence of complications may cause pain.

What is polycystic ovarian

called polycystic disease when ovarian growing a large number of cysts.In polycystic development play a role malfunction not only the ovaries but also such complex glands, pancreas, adrenal glands, pituitary gland, the hypothalamus.There is a breach of the entire hormonal system female body.In the ovaries there is a large number of small (up to 1 cm) cysts filled with fluid.The disease is not so common (occurs in 4 - 8% of cases), but dangerous because of the possible infertility.

What is ovarian dysfunction

This term refers to a wide range of symptoms and illnesses.The main cause of ovarian dysfunction is a violation of their hormonopoietic function.Luteinizing hormone and follicle begins to produce in short supply, leading to disruption or a complete cessation of menstruation.As polycystic, dangerous disease of infertility, and uterine fibroids, cancer of the uterus and mammary glands.

reproductive system is one of the most important systems of the body.That it gives rise to a new life.Therefore, any violations of the reproductive system requires competent specialist advice.And remember: much easier to prevent the disease than to treat it!